Short notes about interesting topics
meme nony
Going Well
Going Well
Posts: 13
Joined: 18 Nov 2012, 10:42
University & College: Shendi Uni, MBBS
Country & City: Shendi
Graduation Year: 2010
Post-Graduation: MRCP1
Job Title (other): SHO
Work Place: Khartoum


Unread post by meme nony » 03 Dec 2012, 10:41

Osteoporosis: causes

Risk factors
•family history
•female sex
•increasing age
•deficient diet
•sedentary lifestyle
•premature menopause
•low body weight
•Caucasians and Asians

Diseases which predispose
•endocrine: glucocorticoid excess (e.g. Cushing's, steroid therapy), hyperthyroidism, hypogonadism (e.g. Turner's, testosterone deficiency), growth hormone deficiency, hyperparathyroidism, diabetes mellitus
•multiple myeloma, lymphoma
•gastrointestinal problems: inflammatory bowel disease, malabsorption (e.g. Coeliacs), gastrectomy, liver disease
•rheumatoid arthritis
•long term heparin therapy*
•chronic renal failure
•osteogenesis imperfecta, homocystinuria

*research is ongoing as to whether warfarin is a risk factor

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